Home to the greatest civilisations and cultures in the world, Europe has a rich history and saw the rise and fall of some of the greatest empires in the past. The first democratic system of government was introduced in the Greek capital, Athens, during the 5th century BC. In the years that followed, several magnificent monuments were constructed by the Greeks, Romans, and other major empires. Many of these historic structures have stood the test of time and attract plenty of visitors every year. Here we've listed some of the major cities of this continent that are home to several historic buildings:
The French capital is globally renowned for its historic landmarks and museums. In the year 2017, Paris was ranked as the world's third most-visited destination. Among the major structures that were built in this city over the course of history is Eiffel Tower, which has now become the iconic monument of France. It was designed and constructed by the company of Gustave Eiffel. This wrought-iron lattice tower has been named after him. Besides Eiffel Tower, you can also explore some majestic museums, such as the Louvre, Musee d'Orsay, and Musee National d'Art Moderne. While getting around in this city during your holidays to Europe, you can also explore many other old structures, such as the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris.
When you're in the Catalonian capital, you'll certainly get to explore some impressive old buildings. It was founded as a city during the times when this region was ruled by the Roman Empire. The city has always been of great importance since then. You can explore some amazing architectural works of Antoni Gaudi and Lluis Domenech i Montaner while touring Barcelona. One of the marvellous buildings in the city is of the National Art Museum of Catalonia. This museum is extremely popular for its rich collections of Catalan art and Romanesque church paintings.
You can be assured of witnessing some of the greatest architectural gems in this Turkish city. It has always been of enormous economic and cultural significance since the days of its establishment. It was known as Byzantium between the 6th century BC and 4th century AD and as Constantinople between the 4th century and early 20th century. As you embark on your sightseeing tour in the city, you'll come across some fantastic mosques. The Aya Sofya, Blue Mosque, and the Yeni Camii mosque are some of the significant ones.
Visiting the largest city and federal capital of Austria would be a memorable experience for those who love historic structures. If you're one of them, get ready to be treated to some fascinating Medieval and Baroque buildings. They are concentrated mainly at the city centre, which was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 2001. Don't miss visiting the Schonbrunn Palace, located in the 13th municipal district of the city called Hietzing. It has been one of the major tourist attractions of the city since the mid-20th century and was the main summer residence of the Habsburg emperors.
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